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Chillies

Capsicum sp.

Chillies have a very long history of human consumption, with evidence going back over 9000 years. Cultivation appears to have started in Mexico 6000 years ago, and since then it has spread around the globe becoming a key component of a number of different world cuisines.

By the time Christopher Columbus reached the Carribean at the end of the 15th century chillis were being grown there too. The distinctive taste of the plant got it the name 'pepper' due to the fact that it was in some ways similar to black pepper, a very valuable commodity.

While it's hard to imagine Indian cuisine without the heat of Chilli it's recorded that the plant was brought to Goa in India by the Portugese. From there it made it's way West into Europe, losing much of it's heat on the way and eventually transforming into Paprika. 

The heat of Chilli is caused by chemicals known as capsaicinoids, mainly capsaicin. It's usually quantified in Scoville Heat Units (SHU) , a measure of the dilution needed before the heat becomes undetectable by a taster. These days liquid chromatography is used to accurately measure the concentration of capsaicinoids.

Jalapeño Chillies
2,500 - 10,000 SHU

A relatively mild chilli of the species Capsicum annuum. Widely used.


Habanero Chillies
80,000 - 600,000 SHU

Very hot chilli of the species Capsicum Chinense.


Bird's Eye Chillies
100,000 - 225,000 SHU

While they are of the same species as Jalapeño, Capsicum anuum, the small Bird's Eye is  hotter than the average Habanero. They are used in South East Asian cuisines.


Ancho Chillies
(dried Poblano)
1,000 - 2,000 SHU

Another variation of Capsicum anuum. Commonly used in Mexican cuisine.


Chipotle Chillies
(smoked Jalapeño
3,000–10,000 SHU

The smoking process imparts a sweet dark flavour long appreciated in Mexico and now spreading in popularity. Recently, due to chemicals in smoke, traditionally produced chipotles have fallen foul of EU regulations. Camstar are able to offer suitable alternatives.

Martin Hoxworth - Group Sales Manager: martincamstar.co.uk
Product Key
NOTE: online specifications for guideline only, always request latest spec before purchase.
CodeDescriptionSizeSpec
CP105CHTHeat TreatedChilli Flakes HT25Kg Download Image
CP121CHStandardChilli Habanero Powder25Kg Download Image
CP122CJHeat TreatedChilli Jalapeno Powder HT25Kg Download Image
CP123CCHeat TreatedChilli Powder Chipotle25Kg Download Image
CP138CF3StandardCrushed Chilli 3mm25Kg Download Image
CP16CPHeat TreatedChilli Powder HT25Kg Download Image
CP233CPNStandardChilli Powder Natural - Valid IT25Kg Download Image
CP284HCStandardChilli Powder Habanero25Kg Download Image
CP290GJPHeat TreatedGreen Jalapeno Chilli Powder25Kg
CP314CCSHeat TreatedChilli Red Crushed 1-3mm20Kg Download Image
CP409SBChilli Powder Scotch Bonnet25Kg Download Image
CP414CPChipotle Chilli Powder (UK Smoked)20Kg Download Image
CP418CCGChipotle Chilli Granules (UK Smoked)20Kg Download Image
CP432CPHeat TreatedChilli Powder 60-70 ASTA (10,000 SCV) ST25Kg Download Image
CPO43CCOrganicChilli Red Crushed